Swing is basically a 'Shuffle' beat. (See dance beat #4 in the 'Basic Dance Beats' lesson.)
The only real difference between Swing & Shuffle is ONE NOTE on the cymbal line! That ONE CYMBAL makes a BIG difference in the overall 'feel' and 'flow' of the music being played around it. Swing is really accelerated Shuffle! We drop one cymbal note with each repetition. This allows us to increase the tempo to blinding speeds!
The actual 'Swing' era was ushered in with the Big Bands of the late 1930s & 1940s. I don't know what musician or group of musicians coined the street term 'Swing' but I suspect it may have been any or all of the following, plus any number of unknowns:
Shuffle seems to have grown out of Swing in the late 1930s and early 1940s. The black musicians of that era get most of the credit for popularizing the beat we now call 'Shuffle'. Early R&B and 'Boogie Woogie' were largely based on the Shuffle beat, which is really just a laid back, slower and more 'funky' form of Swing. I am told there was a 'Shuffle' dance (very much like a Michael Jackson 'Moon Walk'.) The Shuffle dance was usually done to songs containing the rhythm we now call Shuffle. Actually, the beat took its name from that dance known as 'Shuffle'.
Also, the shuffle beat and early shuffle style music tends to be acclaimed as the 'seed' or 'early cousin' from which our entire modern 'ROCK' era was born.
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